Cyanine is the non-systematic name of a synthetic dye family belonging to the polymethine group. The word cyanin stems from the English word “cyan”, which conventionally means a shade of blue-green. Cyanine dyes exhibit large molar absorptivities (?150,000 to 300,000 M-1cm-1) and moderate quantum yields resulting in extremely bright fluorescence signals. Cyanines have proven useful in several fields including photography, biology, laser technology and analytical chemistry. AAT Bioquest offers the largest collection of cyanine dyes that maybe useful as molecular probes for a variety of biological applications. For certain biological applications, cyanines can advantageously replace other conventional dyes such as the fluoresceins and rhodamines.