There is an extremely urgent need for the development of specific antiviral therapeutics and vaccines against SARS-CoV-2. The coronavirus main protease, which plays a pivotal role in viral gene expression and replication through the proteolytic processing of replicase polyproteins, is an attractive target for anti-CoV drug design.
The inhibition of viral proteases necessary for proteolytic processing of polyproteins has been a successful strategy in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C respectively, proving the potential of protease inhibitors for the treatment of viral infections. Similarly, the main protease of SARS-CoV-2 is thought to be essential for viral replication and, therefore, is regarded as promising target for antiviral therapy of Covid-19.
4 extremely effective peptide substrates have been developed for monitoring the intensity of coronavirus proteases via FRET. The Covidyte™ ED450, Covidyte™ EN450, Covidyte™ TF670, and Covidyte™ IF670 peptide substrates provide strong, extended fluorescent signal for searching inhibitors of coronavirus proteases with high sensitivity.