iFluor™ Reactive Dyes
iFluor™ reactive dyes may be covalently labeled to biomolecules without self-quenching, producing intensely fluorescent conjugates. iFluor™ reactive dye formats include amine-reactive succinimidyl ester, thiol-reactive maleimide, and more. For assistance labeling proteins with succinimidyl ester or maleimide iFluor™ dyes, use our online interactive protein labeling protocol.
Available Labeling Chemistries
- Succinimidyl Esters: for labeling primary amines (-NH2) on proteins, antibodies, peptides, nucleic acids and other biomolecules. They are commonly used to prepare bioconjugates for immunochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), cell tracing, receptor labeling and fluorescent analog cytochemistry.
- Maleimides: for labeling thiols or sulfhydryl groups (-SH) to selectively modify a protein at a defined site. Thiol-reactive dyes are often used to prepare fluorescent peptides, proteins and oligonucleotides for probing biological structures, functions and interactions.
- Azides: for labeling ethylene groups via Cu(I)-catalyzed Alknye-Azide (CUAAC) or Cu(I)-free strain-promoted Alkyne-Azide Click Chemistry (SPAAC) reaction.
- Alkynes: for labeling azide groups via Cu(I)-catalyzed Alknye-Azide (CUAAC) or Cu(I)-free strain-promoted Alkyne-Azide Click Chemistry (SPAAC) reaction.
- Carboxylic acids: for labeling amines after pre-activation with carbodiimides or for Steglich esterification of alcohols.
- Amines: for labeling various electrophilic compounds such as activated esters.
The table below shows the range of available iFluor™ reactive dyes, their excitation and emission maxima, and their fluorophore equivalents to assist you in selecting the best fluorophore for labeling proteins, antibodies, and other biopolymers, as well as, derivatizing low molecular weight molecules.
Table 1. Available iFluor™ Reactive Dyes for Labeling Biomolecules.
ReadiLink™ Rapid and xtra Rapid iFluor™ Antibody Labeling Kits
ReadiLink™ Rapid iFluor™ Antibody Labeling Kits and BSA-compatible ReadiLink™ xtra Rapid iFluor™ Antibody Labeling Kits provide a quick and convenient method to label microscale volumes of antibodies with our superior iFluor™ dyes. The unique chemistry of ReadiLink™ kits enable researchers to effortlessly label and recover 100% of their antibodies without a purification step. Since ReadiLink™ conjugates are covalently labeled they are stable for long-term storage and they are ideal for demanding applications including fluorescent microscopy, multi-color imaging, multiplex flow cytometry, primary detection, IHC, FISH, ELISAs and more. Also available are ReadiLink™ Rapid and xtra Rapid Antibody Labeling kits for conjugation of mFluor™ dyes, Alexa Fluor® dyes, other fluorescent dyes, biotin, BSA and KLH.
Key features of ReadiLink™ Rapid Antibody Labeling Kits
- ReadiLink™ xtra Rapid iFluor™ Antibody Labeling Kits are compatible with BSA and other stabilizing proteins
- Label monoclonal antibodies, polyclonal antibodies or other proteins
- Quick and simple two-step labeling protocol, no chemistry or conjugation experience necessary
- Useful for labeling 100 µg of antibody (two separate labeling reactions of 50 µg antibody)
- 100% antibody recovery, NO purification of the product is required
iFluor™ Secondary Reagents
iFluor™ secondary detection reagents are optimized for use in a wide range of fluorescence-based applications, including cell-imaging, flow cytometry, and Western blotting. iFluor™ conjugates are produced with the highest quality secondary antibodies and streptavidins, and subjected to rigorous quality control assays. To ensure customers receive products with the greatest sensitivity and selectivity, iFluor™ secondary antibodies have been affinity purified and cross-adsorbed providing higher signal to noise ratios with minimal cross-reactivity.
iFluor™ Secondary Antibodies
Secondary antibodies conjugated to bright and photostable iFluor™ dyes can be used to detect and visualize low, medium and high-abundance targets in a variety of cell and protein analysis studies. iFluor™ secondary antibodies recognizes IgG heavy chains as well as immunoglobulin light chains (e.g. kappa or lambda) from either human, mouse or rabbit. The advantages of associated with iFluor™ secondary antibody usage includes excellent water solubility, higher signal-to-noise ratios, enhanced sensivitiy, multiplexing capabilities, and pH-insensitive fluorescence over a wide molar range.